Four Easy Steps to Become A Virtualization Pro

Virtualization is growing faster than ever. This constantly changing track means that there are always new ideas or concepts to be grasped.
There are many ways to become a virtualization expert, but we have one path that will make your virtualization journey a success. Here are four steps you can take to improve your skills and become a virtualization pro.
1. Start at the beginning.
You will need to be proficient in a variety of IT disciplines to become a virtualization master. Although a basic setup is not difficult, as you add more virtual infrastructure, it will become more complex. It’s not a good idea to struggle to remember Linux commands or how to fix a Windows server which won’t start. It will be a great benefit to spend time in the admin trenches.
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It can be difficult to start trainingNetworking in particular can get very complicated. CompTIA Network+ training will remind that a well-built virtual environment will include multiple VLANs and subnets for segmentation, running a management network for physical hosts, and a storage networking to communicate with shared storage. You can also have multiple networks for virtual servers, as required for security. If we take out the abstraction of VLANS you will find that there are many physical ports on each server to support each network. All of these must be correctly configured on both the switch and the host. Otherwise communication won’t occur.
It all ends at 3 a.m. You should have solid networking skills.
2. Start small
Have an old server that is no longer in use? Perfect! It’s easy to grab it and load up a free copy of VMware or Microsoft Hyper-V.
What do you mean, ask? We aren’t telling. It’s up to you to figure it out.
You’re an IT guy/gal! You live to tinker with new things. It would take a whole week of blog posts to cover all of it. You will encounter snags and cryptic Kills. The only way to learn and be more knowledgeable is to hammer at the problem.
After you’re done, you will have a sandbox in which to play. You will need to build a Windows server. Add an IIS server for office dogs pictures. Add a Linux box. Install a syslog application or any other technology you like. It shouldn’t contain any information about your production network. This is a 12-year-old server that has suffered two failed disks and frequent random reboots.
3. Select a platform and master it.
We already mentioned Hyper-V and VMware earlier. Both hypervisors are software layers that abstract your physical host’s RAM, CPU, storage, and storage so virtual machines can use these resources. There are many hypervisors, but the most popular are Microsoft’s Hyper-V and VMware’s vSphere.
Both are mature products and together they hold the majority of market share. Both are worthwhile learning, but it is best to focus on one platform. Hyper-V is the best choice if you own a Microsoft shop. It comes standard with every Windows Server version since 2008. vSphere is a great option if you have Linux servers or are open for non-Microsoft products.
SPOTO can help you with all your training needs. Microsoft covers Hyper-V extensively in its MCSA and MCSE Server track certifications. VMware’s VCP–DCV certification provides a deep dive into vSphere.
4. You can take it to the next level.
You have the skills, platform, and certs to become a virtualization pro. High availability will be the most important feature of your hypervisor as you build out your virtual infrastructure. This allows for automatic failover between virtual machines on different physical hosts when one goes offline.
There is always a cost to everything, and that starts with the redundant hardware. Spend more.


4 Cloud Deployment Models With Examples: Public, private, community, and hybrid

Cloud deployments can be made using many different models. Your business needs will determine the location of each workload and cloud infrastructure. Each cloud deployment model has its pros and cons. It is important to have a solid understanding of each cloud deployment model.
This post will take a closer look at cloud deployment models and give examples of when to use them.
What is Cloud Deployment?
A cloud deployment is the installation of hardware or software on an internet-connected platform. Software as a Service, Platform as a Service, Infrastructure as a Service and other solutions are all examples of this. These solutions are offered to businesses, end users, and other providers in order to perform specific tasks.
To make the best use of a specific cloud deployment type, it is important to understand what each of the four most common cloud deployment models can do. Cloud certifications are a great way to increase your knowledge of the cloud. You must also consider the resources available to you. These include your network bandwidth, computational capabilities, and data storage. We’ll discuss the key details and outline the deployment types, as well as the key points that you should be aware of, to help you choose which cloud deployment model is right for you.
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Start training These aren’t the only cloud deployment models available, but they are the most popular.
Public Cloud Deployments
Public cloud deployments are hosted on public servers that can be accessed via the internet or through a VPN. Many public cloud services are used daily by us. The service owner owns all hardware, such as VM hosts or network equipment. The service owner typically manages all resources and maintains them. This makes it much easier to manage IT infrastructure for companies who don’t want to invest in hardware or software.
This deployment has another advantage: there is no need for additional staff to maintain or service components. This is done by the service owner. Popular public cloud platforms make provisioning services easy and quick. Another advantage is that your overheads can be reduced when there is less demand, which can help save money for your company.
There are some drawbacks. Many organizations are concerned about data segmentation and privacy. Your organization might be prohibited from using these services if it works in an industry or sector that requires certification. Your internet connection speed will play a major role in your organization’s ability to access the Internet. If you have end users or services that require connection to the service, you will need confirmation of the minimum speed for that service.
Public Cloud Deployments: Benefits
It is easy to manage. A managed service is easy to manage. You don’t need to create your own tools because everything is already done.
Cost. You don’t have to pay for services that you don’t use. You can pay more if you have more resources and then scale back if that level rises again.
Reliability and performance. Most businesses are concerned about uptime. Your business will suffer if your systems go down. These cloud providers offer many benefits.


4 Certifications to Help you Master Cloud Testing

To prove you can do the work as a cloud professional, you need more than certifications. Most IT professionals only use a small number of services in their day to-day operations. It can be difficult to self-improve without guidance. An IT pro might be performing an operation but not efficiently or in the right way.
This is especially true for cloud testing. A team might write a few unit tests and then forget about them. This is a waste of time. Effective tests can reduce production bugs which can lead to increased revenue. Let’s now look at four cloud-centric certifications to help you master cloud testing.
1. AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate
If you are looking to learn more about cloud testing, the Solutions Architect certification is a great choice. This AWS certificate is unique in that it provides a comprehensive understanding of all aspects of AWS cloud infrastructure, unlike other AWS certificates. These are its primary goals:
Architect creates a solution for customers using their input.
Learn the best practices of AWS and then implement them.
Learn how to use AWS solutions to secure and design applications.

Each of these bullet points will improve your cloud testing knowledge. You will need to be able to troubleshoot AWS applications to learn how to design them secure. A builder of houses is the best person to fix a leaky roof. Who better to help you secure a cloud solution than the person who built it? This is exactly the kind of experience that you will bring to the table when you earn this certificate.
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You can increase your earnings by starting training. A certification like this can help you earn over $110,000 per year. This is because certification requires both a broad understanding and a deep understanding of AWS. You will be familiar with load testing an application if a company asks you to. You’ll be able to fix any problems in the application if they ask for pen testing.
What if your cloud solution is not AWS? Let’s look at some more certificates, starting with the Azure Certified Foundations.
2. Microsoft Certified Azure Fundamentals (AZ-900)
A Microsoft certification is a great thing because almost every company uses MS products in one way or another. The second benefit of this certification is that you can learn almost nothing at the beginning and be certified by end. This certification was created by Microsoft with the idea that anyone could become cloud-savvy. Let’s face it, Microsoft wants to be able to compete with AWS. How does this test increase your knowledge of cloud testing? Let’s take a closer look at the AZ900 objectives.
Learn about cloud concepts
Learn about the core Azure services.
Security, privacy, compliance, trust, and trust.
Learn about Azure pricing and support

A broad understanding of Azure security compliance and compliance will make cloud testing more robust and resilient. The AZ-900, for example, will show you how to spin up VMs securely and with all the required compliance.
Cloud engineers make the most common mistake of leaving ports open that they shouldn’t. You will learn how to ensure that all ports are closed using the knowledge gained from the AZ-900. This cert, like the Solutions Architect certification will give you a broad overview of the entire app, from frontend to database. This knowledge is crucial for cloud testing techniques like stress testing.
What is Stress Testing?
Stress testing is a technique that places excessively high traffic on a system. It will detect.


4 Best Palo Alto Certificates for Network Engineers

This is the second post in a series on Palo Alto Technologies. It explains how its products fit into the network security landscape and how certification programs affect career opportunities for engineers and technicians.
Due to the high level of enterprise interest and cybersecurity, there is a high demand for advanced network security products, services, and technical staff with the experience and credentials to design, engineer, or operate them. Palo Alto Technologies is challenging the dominance of traditional network vendors like Cisco, Juniper Networks and VMware.
The company offers a variety of hardware, software and cloud options, and has now overtaken Cisco as the top network security vendor. We are seeing Palo Alto firewall solutions working in conjunction with Cisco and other vendors. It’s not limited to hardware-based networks. Software-driven networks have evolved with virtual private networks, (VPN), and software-defined wide-area networks (SDWAN). We’ve also seen the emergence software- and cloud driven firewalls.
Palo Alto is leading the charge with their Cloud Access and Prisma Cloud platforms.
Enterprises will expect their security and networking professionals, due to the changing security and network landscape, to be proficient in both Palo Alto security solutions and networking technology. This brings us to the subject of this article: Palo Alto’s certifications and which ones are most relevant to network engineers.
Palo Alto’s Certification Programme
Palo Alto’s certification program offers role-based certifications to cybersecurity professionals. The roles start at the entry-level security assistant, and then move up to security administrator and security engineer. Palo Alto’s certifications are not pre-requisite for any skills or experience, unlike other vendor accreditation programs. Each one is independent and can be earned by passing an online certification exam, which is administered and proctored through Pearson VUE.
These certifications are available:
Role: Security Associate

Palo Alto Networks Certified Cybersecurity Entry Level Technician (PCCET).

Role: Security administrator

Palo Alto Networks Certified Network Security Administrators (PCNSA).
Palo Alto Networks Certified Detection and Remediation Analyst (PCDRA).

Role: Security Engineer

Palo Alto Networks Certified Network Security Engineers (PCNSE).
Prisma Certified Cloud Security Engineer (PCCSE)
Palo Alto Networks Certified Security Automation Expert (PCSAE).

Why should you earn Palo Alto certification?
It’s easy to get a Palo Alto certification if you work in a Palo Alto shop. You can also earn a Palo Alto certification if your company doesn’t use Palo Alto.
It is important to recognize that most people will work in a mixed environment. Palo Alto firewalls can secure a network using Juniper, Cisco, Juniper, Juniper or a public cloud. It’s a smart strategy to get a Palo Alto security certificate if you’re a network administrator or engineer. This certification can also be used to complement your network vendor credentials.
Palo Alto Certs For Net Engineers
This article will focus on Palo Alto certifications for entry-level cybersecurity technicians, network security administrators, network security engineers, and cloud security engineers. Except for the entry-level technician cert, each of these certs requires at least six months of hands-on experience using Palo Alto firewalls.
Palo Alto Networks Certified Cybersecurity Entry Level Technician (PCCET).
The PCCET certification is intended for professionals with limited security experience who are looking to add cybersecurity to the portfolio. The PCCET credential certifies the holders of the credential.


There are 4 Alternatives to the OSCP

We have been on a security kick on the blog, especially with offensive security and penetration testing certifications such as the OSCP. It’s a great reason too, as infosec is hot right now and it’s a lot of fun to get paid to hack things legally. Pen testing can be difficult to get into, especially if you don’t have any experience. Although any IT experience is helpful, especially in server administration and network administration, not all companies are willing to train pen testers from scratch.
Anyone who has been in IT for any length of time knows where to start. Read every blog on the topic, create a home lab, and look into certifications. Self-directed learning is a key component of a successful IT career. There is no established protocol for formal training in this field. Pen testing is not an exception. With a wide range of content and systems that are vulnerable-by-design, it is easy to find resources online for self-learners looking to transition into pen testing.
A certification is still required for any resume to be considered a good one. Although the OSCP is a high standard that pen testers should strive for, it is not an easy goal. Both the time and expense required are significant. Perhaps you don’t have enough time between work, family and social commitments to study (15-20hrs per week for three months is not uncommon to prepare). Perhaps the shock of the PWK course will send you reeling. It costs $1,150 USD for three month’s lab access.
No worries! Let’s look at three courses and one cert that will satisfy your pen testing needs without making you a poor hermit.
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Get certified as an ethical hacker
The CEH certification is administered by EC-Council. It certifies your ability to find “weaknesses or vulnerabilities in target systems…to assess security posture of a target(s). It costs $100 to apply and then $950 to test. This cert is not recommended for everyone.
The OSCP does not offer any training or courseware with the high price tag. Although they offer separate training, it is expensive. SPOTO offers self-training, but you must first be approved to become a self-trainer. For more information, click here and scroll down to the “Eligibility Requirements”.
Preparing for the CEH will “provide the tools and techniques used hackers and information security professionals alike in breaking into any computer system.” They focus on the “hacker mindset” so that you can understand how your enemy thinks and be able to attack your networks with systematic processes. You’ll be covering the five phases of ethical hacking, which include reconnaissance, gaining access and enumeration, as well as maintaining access and covering your tracks.
This sounds like the OSCP’s content. However, it is important to note that the exam only has multiple choice questions. The OSCP’s main selling point is its practical, hands-on nature. You will need to hack machines and write reports.
If you take that as a guideline, a multiple-choice exam on pen testing in the same vein as a CompTIA exam or Microsoft exam might not be as exciting. While you will be able to learn valuable content, you may not be able to perform pen testing. These are the steps to help you put your new skills to use.
So, Who is this Cert for?
EC-Council boasts that it is “ANSI 17024 compliant”, which is a general accreditation for awarding certifications across all fields, not just infosec. It is also an approved baseline certification for certain positions in the U.S. Department of Defense and is recognized training for GCHQ (the UK equivalent of the U.S. NSA). This makes the CEH a certification for high-ranking organists.


The definitive guide to project success criteria

Project success criteria is a frequent topic that I am asked about. It’s actually one of the most searched terms here. I decided it was time to combine all my resources into a single guide to project success criteria.
This article:
How to define success criteria
What are the most important criteria for project success?
There are two types of success criteria for a project. Criteria for project management
2. Criteria for delivering the deliverables

How to document your success criteria
How to measure success in a project
Performance of baselining
How do I track success criteria
Summary of the criteria for project success

Let’s begin with a definition for project success criteria.
How to define success criteria
The project success criteria are the criteria that will be used to determine if the project has been successful.
Okay, that’s it. Let’s now look at the reasons we should care about project success criteria.
What are the most important criteria for project success?
Organizations don’t define failure. We don’t know how to determine if a project is failing – what failure looks and feels like – because it’s not motivating to think about failure when the work has just begun.
External and internal stakeholders can easily label projects as failing if there is no formal definition of failure.
Think about the recent projects that have made headlines in any country. Because people can’t see what success looks like, media and stakeholders label projects ‘failures’.
Is it on time? Is it on time? These two things may not matter to the stakeholders if they get great results and happy customers. This is the theme of my book Customer-Centric project management.
Successful organizations take the guesswork out this process by defining what success looks like so they can know when they have achieved them. You must define success for your project if you want to achieve project success.
Maybe budget is the most important thing for your stakeholders and quality is being put on the back burner. Customer satisfaction may be the most important thing, and it doesn’t matter how many overtime hours are required to achieve that end result.
To increase engagement with stakeholders, project success criteria can be a great tool.
This set of templates provides additional tools for stakeholder management. It includes everything you need to organize and develop successful working relationships with your team.
These can be used to set the goals for the project and track progress. If your stakeholders stop caring about your success criteria, it’s a warning sign that you need more to keep them on your side.
The project success criteria are the standards that will be used to determine if the project has been successful.
You must define what success looks like so you can claim it. You will need to identify two types of success criteria for your project.
There are two types of success criteria for a project.
You want to know how to determine if your project was a success. It is important to define what success looks like for both you and your stakeholders. This is best done by brainstorming with your team.
1. Criteria for project management
You will likely come up with success criteria for the management of your project during this process. These success criteria can be used in project audits and post-project reviews.
They help you focus on the ‘business of project management’ and how to do the project right. They help you ensure that you are hitting all the right targets, and are following project management standards.


Software Review: Roadmap Planner [2017]

General Information
Name: Roadmap Planner
Vendor: KeepSolid Inc.
Hosting options: iOS, macOS downloads (no Windows yet).
Cost and plans: A free plan for one user, then monthly subscriptions starting at $4.99 per month. Prices drop if you add more users or functionality. You can also get discounts if you pay annually.
Languages: English
Goodbye complicated slide decks and spreadsheets
Roadmap Planner is an easy app that helps you create strategic plans. It is ideal for portfolio managers and programme managers who have many phases to manage. They also want a high-level overview.
Business owners who wish to plan their company’s future would also benefit. The vendor’s website suggests that top athletes would also appreciate the ability to see a road map for their professional goals.
You should create a strategic plan and keep it handy while you make decisions about projects or other things. Keeping your eyes on the end goal will help you stay focused.
It’s flexible so you could adapt it for planning anything high-level, such as writing a book or your wedding.

It’s easy to get started
Although the company is located in the US, their marketing copy looks like it was written by someone who doesn’t speak English. This shouldn’t discourage you. To get started, you don’t need to have much help, if any.
Templates are included in the software so that you don’t have a to start from scratch. After you have completed a few steps, the picture below shows how it looks. To add a shape, tap the + icon and then tap the button to link it to the roadmap items.
You can create a strategic plan using swim lanes and icons to highlight key areas. The 21-day trial period lets you try the Professional plan. You will automatically be switched to the Free plan, which has basic functionality, when it expires. Upgrade your subscription to continue accessing the full set productivity features.
Roadmap Planner: Benefits
You can customize the look of the tool by changing colours, fonts, and more. You can also add icons to your roadmap items to make them easier to read and call out the most important elements. There are many icons to choose from, but you can’t create your own.
These are the settings you can customize. This is where you can add tasks, notes, or projects to a section of the roadmap to ensure you don’t forget about what that particular element of your strategy is about. Although it is not meant to be used in the same manner as an Agile backlog, it can be useful to keep track of everything you thought when you created that particular roadmap item.
You can create a backlog that includes notes about your milestones or projects to remind yourself of the details when you are implementing the strategy. Roadmap Planner also creates a strategic planning plan that is aligned in swim lanes. This allows you to adapt it to any process you want. Although it is flexible, I think if you do a lot of process maps, you will find other products that are more suitable.
You can display your roadmap as a presentation on a large screen or print it as PDF. This will allow you to share it in many ways.
I tested it a few days before the major update was released to the app. As you can see, there were some feature changes such as the addition of milestones.
Roadmap Planner now includes milestones. You can also mark the percentage of tasks completed (hmm, we’re moving into project management territory here! Interface improvements and a back-end update to speed the app.
Roadmap Planner Limitations
I tried the software on my iPad. It wasn’t easy to make a nice looking map.


Parliament’s project governance

The construction of the new Scottish Parliament building shows how things can go wrong.
When the procurement process began, the innovative design was still in its early stages. The specification for the project was 20,740m2 and PS50m. There were no guidelines or timeframes or quality standards at this stage. The driving factors, those crucial success criteria, were not fully considered. However, this does not mean that the Scottish Office officials did not know the project objectives: they were to build a new Parliament building. The difficulties in setting priorities was the main problem, according to Lord Fraser’s report on the project. Which was more important? These were the two main requirements of size and cost. Or quality and time. Lord Fraser concluded that quality and time were the main priorities and cost was not a concern based on the behavior of the project team in its largest sense. The procurement process was not completed using a realistic budget estimate at this early stage of the project.
Further complicating matters was the need to revise the design, which was completed in June 2000. These should have been done with user requirements in view, but they were not included in the project documentation. The design team tried to deliver something but didn’t have a clear understanding of the client’s needs. People who would use the building were also confused about what they wanted. As we can see, there weren’t clear priorities or success criteria.
The project had a sponsor. Barbara Doig assumed this role. She was a civil servant and Head of the Parliament Accommodation Division from March 1998 to May 1999. She was also the Scottish Parliament Director from 1 June 1999 to May2000, which gave her a strong political background to negotiate the successful completion. Lord Fraser believes that the project would have been more successful had an industry expert, someone with a strong background or sponsorship of construction projects, been in this role. It is crucial to choose the right sponsor for a project.
Professor Gordon Humphreys described this as the “Bable problem”, which is the main problem with this project. This came in many forms:
Before being passed to management, messages are filtered for political reasons. A quantity surveyor, for example, gave an estimate of PS89m. This included a margin for risk because this was a unique project and it was highly probable that there would be unexpected circumstances. The actual estimate was PS62m.
Project reports use a lot of unclear vocabulary. Terminology (project management jargon and all other business vocabulary) works only if everyone who uses it understands what it means. Is ‘estimate” the same as “forecast”? This uncommon vocabulary caused misunderstandings that were either intentional or unintentional. It didn’t help the project advance.
Absence of project reports. There were concerns about whether the project would be completed on budget by November 1998. It was not until March 1999 that Donald Dewar, then Secretary of State for Scotland received a formal warning about any possible cost increases.
Communication at all levels is lacking. Bill Armstrong, the project manager, was responsible for leading the project up to December 1998. After he resigned, however, the Ministers and other senior stakeholders were not informed of his departure until January 1999. This is indicative of the way the project’s stakeholders worked together.

There were many factors that contributed to the tenfold increase in cost and the delays. The project could have been completed in a matter of days.


Parametric Estimating: A Guide for Project Managers with Examples

This article:
What is parametric estimation?Definition

When to use it
Parametric estimating in PMBOK(r). Guide
Parametric estimating formula
How to do it
Example 1: Parametric estimating examples
Example 2
Example 3

Calculating the total project cost
Limitations of parametric estimation

What is parametric estimation?
Parametric estimating can be used to estimate time, resources and costs.
It uses parameters (characteristics), to create estimates based upon what you already know. This makes it useful for project managers because it’s reliable. Because they are data-based, thought-through, and quantitative, you get accurate data.
It’s also one of the many project estimation techniques covered in the Project Management Professional (PMP(r)) exam. So if you are studying, it is important to understand the concepts and how they can be applied so you can confidently take your test.
An estimation approach that uses historical data and other variables to calculate estimates.
Dictionary of Project Management Terms, 3rd edition, J. LeRoy WardWhen to Use It
Three situations call for the use of parametric models:
If you have data that can be used for modeling (get it from historical information from other projects)
The model is scaleable, meaning that the parameters can be adjusted to suit any number of units of work.
It is easy to determine the parameters: the work can be easily quantified into recognizable units, e.g. hours, dollars, meters etc.
These conditions must be met in order to use this technique.
It’s not something I use often. Most of the time, I am estimating knowledge work or tasks in which analogous estimating (where one looks at past projects to see how long similar tasks took) are more reliable.
If your new project has tasks that have a statistical relationship, such as square footage prepared in construction, time taken to complete the task, or number of lines of code written by an experienced developer in an hour, then you can use this information to get a better estimate.
Parametric estimating in PMBOK(r). Guide
This technique is mentioned in the PMBOK(r), Guide, as a method to estimate activity durations and costs.
It is described in the PMBOK(r), Guide as a technique that can be used for a complete project or to estimate the costs of parts of a project. This allows it to be combined with other techniques to calculate either the total project cost or duration.
Parametric estimating formula
Simply put, multiply the amount of work required by the labor hours per unit.
It is easier to see how it works in practice by using a few examples. So, let’s see what we have below.
How to do it
First, define the parameters. Units of work are required.
Next, take a look at past projects. It’s always useful to see what has happened in the past so you can learn from it.
Calculate how many units of work you will need.
Multiply the work required by cost/time/effort per unit. Voila!
There is a learning curve to any new project management technique.
Keep track of what you did and save that information for your next project. Even if the task is complex, it will be useful to look back at your past experiences.
Examples of parametric estimating
Parametric estimating is a way to get high-quality estimates when you have the task-level data. It uses data that you already know to be true. These are just a few examples of how it works.
Example 1
Here’s an example.
It takes one person an hour to plant 20 potatoes. It will take two people two and a half hours to place them.


Managing the Urgent, Unexpected [Book Review]

(This post contains affiliate hyperlinks. Please read my full disclosure.
To be able to tolerate urgent and unexpected projects, they must be rare. It is impossible to sustain a business that moves from one unexpected initiative into another. But we all know this. Stephen Wearne, Keith White-Hunt and Keith White-Hunt have written Managing the Urgent, Unexpected. This book contains case studies and commentary that aims to prepare organisations for these difficult projects.
These lessons are not applicable to all projects or at all levels. They are not intended to be used by business leaders or PMOs to plan for unexpected problems that arise when projects are initiated quickly and need to get done faster than usual.
Examples? Examples?
Teams required for ‘unexpected work’
Unexpected projects address a problem that was not anticipated in terms of:

Each one of these tasks requires a different kind of team.
Bespoke resources are required when a project is not predictable in its probability or nature. These are teams that have been created specifically for the project.
The authors conclude that augmented resource are needed when a project’s timing is not predictable. These teams are formed partly through the diversion or addition of project team resources. Temporary employees are hired to augment the team.
Teams are formed when a project is large and unexpected. This means that people are moved away from their current projects to form a team for the project.
These team formations are different because the project addresses a need that is directly related to ongoing work. It is easy to divert resources from other projects. If the project is a solution to a new problem, the resources you have are not available for the type of work you need.
Still works: The devolved hierarchy
I am glad that the command-and-control style of leadership has ended. It doesn’t fit with my leadership style. However, I thought it would be helpful to have a clear leader who could provide direction and control in times of crisis. This is not true.
The authors provide examples and research to show that local, devolved decision making is better than ever, even when there are many unknowns and an urgent need to respond. They discuss the military’s approach to emergency services and write:
Management literature uses the term ’empowerment’ to describe the principle that an individual or group has the authority to respond to a situation. Managers in Western culture are expected to delegate authority, remain distant, and inspect primarily how authority is used without ‘interfering with’ what is being decided.
This means that it is the people on the ground that have the best understanding of the situation and the best ability to respond to rapidly changing situations.
Speed is key in a crisis
These projects often place time as the most important factor, and cost as a secondary consideration. The book provides a detailed explanation of how to balance the costs of working faster than usual with the question of “how much additional cost should we incur?”. According to the authors, “the value of delivering work was agreed to be overwhelmingly greater that the likely extra cost to working as fast and as efficiently as possible.”
Other themes that can lead to success
What other factors make it possible to manage an urgent or unexpected project, besides speed? They draw some insightful conclusions from their case studies about what made these projects successful. They also provided advice on how to make your project a success.