Ten Things I Love about Managing Projects

(This post contains affiliate hyperlinks. Please read my full disclosure.

#1. The Variety
#2. #2.
#3. #3.
#4. #4.
#5. #5.
#6. #6.
#7. #7. Delivering Value
#8. Transferable Skills
#9. #9.
#10. #10. Flexibility

This article will discuss the best parts of managing projects. I have been doing this job for a while now, and it never ceases to amaze me how much I still love it.
Let’s get into the things I find so amazing about this job.
#1. The Variety
IT is today, Marketing tomorrow. Every day is unique! Every project is unique. It’s easy to switch between projects or departments within your business.
There are many aspects to this job, including the people involved, the scope of the projects, and the tasks that project managers have to perform.
There are many project management roles available, so you’re sure to find the one that interests you. There is often clear career progression, so you can see the next step in your career.
#2. #2.
The day is more enjoyable when there’s a team effort. Leadership is a great privilege. You can inspire and motivate others.
You can encourage others to do their best work, remove roadblocks, and make a real difference in the lives of your coworkers.
#3. #3.
This may seem selfish, but managing projects allows you to see what’s coming first and then test it out. This is especially true for new technology.
It’s a great way to get the latest apps, systems, and tools before your colleagues in the larger organization!
#4. #4.
It’s satisfying when things are fixed. It’s fun to solve problems: the research, analysis and synthesis. Then, there’s the thrill of being able make an amazing recommendation.
It’s also a chance for creativity as a team.
#5. #5.
It’s fun to bring about change! It is a privilege to introduce new things into your business.
It can be hard work but it is worth it when you do it right. People appreciate what your efforts have done and how they’ve made a difference in their work and the business’s operation.
It’s a special feeling. A successful go-live makes all the work in project planning, execution and delivery worthwhile.
#6. #6.
Project management requires a lot of communication. This is a part of my job that I enjoy because it allows me to meet people. It’s also important if you want understanding the motivations of your stakeholders.
Communication is both positive and negative. Communication is important in both directions. It is vital to listen to your team, your stakeholders and your sponsor. This helps us to better communicate the changes that are happening.
You can think of ways to build feedback loops into your communication so that people have many ways to reach you.
Also, make it easy for your team to communicate!
#7. #7. Delivering Value
It’s easy to see the impact of your work on a project. It should be possible to draw a line between the work of your project team and your strategic objectives.
It’s easier to motivate your team when you can establish that connection.
#8. Transferable Skills
Project management is a valuable skill that you can use to help in other areas of your life.
Transferable skills such as communication, team leadership, planning and management will help you to be more marketable in the future.
#9. #9.
Project management allows you to access many different areas of your business.
This is why I love my job so much: rather than only seeing one department’s workings, I see them all.


10 Simple Ways to Prepare for a Handover at Work (with email templates).

(This post contains affiliate hyperlinks. Please read my full disclosure.
10 Simple Ways to Prepare for a Handover at Work (with Email Templates)
Once upon a while, I tried to plan my projects around the dates I knew I would be in the office. My colleagues joked that I planned my birth date around a major transformation project go-live date. We had to move that go-live by three months so I was on maternity leaves with a newborn when they finally went live.
Experienced project managers know that when things change on a job, all your carefully planned deadlines are affected.
This article will show you how to handover a colleague.

There are many reasons to handover your work
Handovers for vacation
1. To notify your employer of upcoming leaves, use your email signature
2. Plan to handover your job to a colleague
3. Meet your colleague for a handover
4. Remember your manager and/or project sponsor
5. Use the Holiday handover email template to notify your clients and other stakeholders

6. Set your out-of-office autoresponder messageAutoresponder template

7. Update your voicemail message
8. Tie up loose ends
9. When you return, plan for a handover
10. Go on holiday, don’t look back

There are many reasons to handover your work
You will have to give up your project at some point in your career. There are many reasons this could happen:
Maternity leave
Paternity leave
Planned Medical Leave
Vacation time, annual leave, or booked holidays
Unpaid leave of absence
You will need to transfer your knowledge to someone who can take over your project permanently if an employee leaves or leaves.

As you can see, there are two types of reasons for handing over a project: a temporary one (when someone else takes over your work for a brief period) and a permanent one (when you are leaving the job).
It’s pretty straightforward. If you are going to be leaving permanently and need to hand over your work during the notice period, you will want to be more inclusive. Temporary leave can be used to focus on completing tasks that are required during your absence.
Handovers for vacation
Most people will brief someone else about your work if they have a vacation planned. You both benefit from a vacation handover. This means that you need to plan for what might happen. It allows your colleagues to deal with things while you are away.
Holiday handovers are limited to the tasks you need someone else doing for you. This could include the following:
Notifying senior managers about the completion of a task
Sending out a Report (bonus points if you can prewrite some of it before going)
As the point of contact for an emergency
As a point of contact for suppliers in the event they have a need
Supervise the project team’s day-to-day activities and act as a point of escalation for team leaders who need it.
Assisting in the approval of key processes to ensure that changes and other issues don’t get buried in the workflow while you’re away.

Most projects can handle themselves for two weeks. It’s great to give instructions to someone, but if they can’t do it due to their own work schedule, it doesn’t mean the end of the world. Keep expectations manageable.
These 10 tips will help you create a smooth transition plan no matter how long or if you’re ever coming back.
10 Handover tips
Here are 10 easy ways to forget about your work and worry less about what’s happening back at base.
1. To notify your employer of upcoming leaves, use your email signature
I have seen more people use their email signature to alert others to out-of-office events. It’s a great idea. It looks a little like this:
Email signature, contact details, etcAdvance n


10 Simple Tips to Make Your Meeting Minutes More Effective

Meeting minutes are a great tool for communication at work. They help people understand what the meeting was about, and what they should do next.
This article will discuss why it is worth taking minutes, and then we’ll dive into the 10 simple tips to make your meetings more productive.

Why bother with minutes?
10 Tips to Write Meeting Minutes
1. Keep meeting minutes jotted down while you remember
2. Start with an action review
3. Owners and document actions
4. Record who was there
5. Include images
6. Use a Standard Template
7. Document decisions
8. Use tables
9. Send Minutes Quickly
10. Take a few minutes!
Quick AnswersHow can I improve my minute taking skills
Do I need to put names in minutes?
How tense should I write minutes into?
What is apologies?

Need more Meetings Resources?

Why bother with minutes?
For formal meetings such as Project Boards, minutes are especially useful because they provide a permanent record and record of the discussion as well as the decisions made.
People who are unable to attend in person can have a written record of the meeting as minutes. This allows them to see the topics that were discussed in conversation.
While not all meetings will require minutes, some may be more beneficial than others. Most people will need to create minutes at some point in their careers.
10 Tips to Write Meeting Minutes
Here are 10 tips to ensure that your meeting minutes are accurate and concise.
1. Keep meeting minutes jotted down while you remember
Write down your minutes as soon as possible so that you don’t forget. You don’t have to remember everything. Get someone else to review your minutes and clarify any points before sending out your final version.
You can even get another person to take notes and then compare your version with theirs to create the final version.
To remind yourself of the topics that were discussed, refer to the meeting agenda.
2. Start with an action review
No matter whether you have reviewed the actions from the beginning of the meeting last time, add them to the beginning of your minutes.
Note all actions taken at the last meeting, and make a summary of the progress made.
Don’t bother to rewrite the action if it was completed. Instead, place a line at top of the action section stating that all other actions have been completed or are no more relevant.
3. Owners and document actions
During the meeting you will have written down all the actions taken during the meeting and who will perform them.
These actions should be included in the text’s flow during the minutes. A summary of actions can be added at the end.
This is best done in tabular format. Be sure to include the names and dates of those who will be working on the tasks.
Another way to ensure you have a record of all meetings is to use Transcription Software.
4. Record who was there
Although you will have included names of attendees in the calendar invite and the agenda, it is possible that someone else attends the meeting.
Keep a record of who was present and who made a last-minute apology.
5. Include images
Include links to flip charts and mind mapping software in your meeting.
With a smartphone camera, you can take photos of flip charts. The resolution will be high enough to include in the minutes.
This is my favorite tip to keep meeting minutes short! My colleagues love it when I snap photos and insert them into my documents.
Photos are much more effective than using words to describe what was drawn on the boards.
6. Use a Standard Template
If your company doesn’t have a standard template that can be used for minutes, you can make one or ask your PMO.
Use a standard temp


Ten Secrets to Being a Good Sponsor

(This post contains affiliate hyperlinks. Please read my full disclosure.
What does it take to be a great sponsor for a project? The role of the project sponsor is varied. It is more than a role of a project sponsor. It is a role that sets direction and makes decisions.
If you are a sponsor or want to make sure that your sponsor is upholding their responsibilities, I have something that can help.
Below are 10 tips to help you be a good sponsor. These tips were taken from Strategies for Project Sponsorship by James Taylor and Rosenhead. Appendix D contains a list with 50 secrets. This is a summary from The Standish Group’s Chaos Manifesto 2012, The Year of Executive Sponsor. Although it may seem like a long time ago they are still relevant today.
Find the right project resources
Make quick decisions
Learn project management techniques
Know when to turn off the power
Recognize your achievements
Manage financial changes
Overcome your ignorance
Set goals
Communicate the facts
Learn to understand risk and reward
These are the headlines. Below is my interpretation of these headlines for projects today.
1. Find the right project resources
As a project sponsor, your role is to ensure that the project runs smoothly and effectively. You can use money, equipment, people (or any other resources necessary to complete the task).
Ask your project manager about the resources required. Be prepared to challenge them (project managers are known to exaggerate what is needed to ensure they have enough resources for the project).
Next, negotiate with other senior leaders in order to give the project the resources it needs to achieve its goals.
Be sure to include all relevant resources in your project plan Make quick decisions
Project teams can be expensive so it is not a good idea to have them around while you make your decision.
Get all the information you need to make a decision. Then, make it and then tell others what you have decided. You might not like their decision, but they are the boss and will abide by it. Be able to explain why you made the decision you did.
Are you unsure how to make the final decision? Learn my guide to decision-making.
Don’t rush to make a decision without knowing all the facts. Otherwise, you could end up leading the project down the wrong track.
3. Learn project management techniques
This is the job for the project manager. However, you don’t want them to confuse you with jargon. It is important to understand how your work is being done and why the team is doing it.
The PMI Kickoff course is worth a half an hour. It is easy to follow and will teach you the basics of project management. It’s also free.
They’re doing their best and will probably get you a great outcome if they follow a set of guidelines.
However, you shouldn’t make them do things differently. You can challenge the “how” behind the work management, but you must be open to hearing the results. I mentor project managers who tell me they must be agile, even if agile methods are not the best to deliver the type of change they have been asked.
4. Know when to turn off the power
It may be your favorite project, but if it is overbudget, late, or fails to deliver the business benefits, it is time for you to part ways.
It is foolish to throw good money after a wasteful effort just for the sake of saving face. Be prepared for any possible conflict and have your project cancelled.
Next, get your team to work on something that will truly revolutionize the company.
5. Recognize your achievements
Everyone loves a party. You don’t have need to be extravagant, but you should reward your project team for their hard work. They will be more productive and will appreciate you.


Ten Reasons Teamwork is Important in Project Management

Melissa Lobo, Project Female, contributed this guest article.

What is teamwork?
1. Encourages Creativity
2. Encourage risk-taking
3. Improves Conflict-Resolution Skills
4. Builds Trust
5. Brings together Diverse Strengths
6. Accountability is Enhanced
7. Teamwork increases project momentum
8. Get feedback
9. Finding solutions to complex problems
9. Use Everyone’s Skills
10. Builds Leadership Skills

What is teamwork?
Here’s a definition of “definition”:
Teamwork is the act of bringing together several people to complete a project efficiently and effectively.
Melissa LaboProject managers understand that collaboration is beneficial in a team environment and boosts productivity.
For projects to run smoothly, teamwork is a key enabler. It helps project professionals overcome obstacles and speeds up the achievement or attainment of goals.
Teamwork ensures that resources can be managed efficiently and that projects take less time to complete. Teamwork can help you save money, achieve more success with your projects, and ultimately make you more profit. It can also improve the quality and individuality in projects.
Are you still not convinced that building your team is important? Here are 10 reasons teamwork is essential for project management success.
1. Encourages Creativity
People who work together create a better environment for creativity. This happens naturally when there’s a lot of brainstorming, sharing ideas, and other activities.
You can develop more effective strategies to complete the project by having each member of your team contribute unique ideas. Use the knowledge that your team members share.
Next: 5 Ways to Increase Your Team’s Creativity
2. Encourages taking risks
Teamwork encourages taking risks. If you are responsible for your own failures, you may be more inclined to take less risks.
You can rely on the support of your team members in case something goes wrong.
As a professional project manager, you can reduce the risks associated with your project by assessing the impact before you decide to proceed with a particular course.
3. Improves Conflict-Resolution Skills
A team is made up unique people. This diversity can be a benefit to project success, but it can also lead disputes.
Team leaders and project managers should be able to help resolve conflicts. In most cases, the organization management does not need to be involved. This is a great way to improve your conflict resolution skills and to help others in the group.
4. Builds Trust
Trust is the key to teamwork. Relying on one another is the only way to build trust.
Next: 5 ways to increase trust in teams
Trust allows members to freely share their ideas and creates trust. It is possible to create a trusting atmosphere in your team that allows them to support each other and encourage one another. High productivity is possible when there is an open relationship.
Trust increases your confidence as a project manager and builds your personal credibility.
More ideas!Team Engagement Tactics$7.00Step-by-step instruction guide and training videos on two different ways to engage and have fun with your team! Learn how to create a team map and how to set up an internet countdown calendar.
Buy now 5. Brings together Diverse Strengths
Teamwork can bring together complementary strengths. One person might be great at planning, while another member of the team might be skilled in coordination and creative thinking.
Have you ever done a MBTI assessment with your team? Or looked at Belbin’s team roles. These are great tools that will give you insight into the strengths and weaknesses of the people you work alongside.
You can achieve greater success when you bring together different strengths and combine them. Each member brings their unique talents to the table.
Diverse teams can also cause more conflict than one.


Four Simple Ways to Increase End-User Security Data security does not fall on the shoulders of IT professionals. An honest mistake by an end user can cause security breaches in networks. Smart companies pay attention to information security training. Even though you might not have the budget to provide security training classes, users can benefit from basic information that will protect them and your company from being hacked. These are some of our recommendations for you to share with your end users. What’s at stake? Data breaches can cost productivity and money. Data breaches average $12.7 million. After a security breach, an average company needs to recover within 45 days. Hackers aren’t limited to stealing corporate secrets. Hacking could result in employees’ personal information and communications being exposed. Learn how to become a security expert with SPOTO Start training Passwords: Eighty percent of security breaches were caused by weak administrative passwords. Never share login credentials with family, coworkers, or anyone who claims to be from IT. Always use a different password on every website. You can use a passphrase like “Ketchup is a worst relish” or a password service such as LastPass if you have trouble remembering passwords. Browsing/Surfing Don’t send any private information over public WiFi. Scope links by moving the mouse pointer over a link in order to see its destination. This is done in the bottom left corner. It’s displayed above the link in Outlook. Email Never email sensitive information to anyone, even yourself. Even if the request or attachment appears to be from trusted sources, always be suspicious. Phishing scams can be disguised in many ways, including online purchases, bank notifications, photo attachments and shipping notices. Your phone is also vulnerable. Mobile users are only half as likely to take basic security precautions for their devices. Never leave your phone or laptop unattended in public places. IT should be notified immediately if any company devices are lost or stolen. Keep your devices up to date and install anti-virus and malware software. Download


4 Salesforce Tricks You Should Try

You might be wondering where to start when you first log into Salesforce. Salesforce offers many features that will allow you to customize and create shortcuts for your most frequently used actions.

1. Salesforce for Outlook
Keep your Salesforce and email in sync
Salesforce for Outlook allows you to seamlessly connect your Salesforce account and email. It’s a quick download and installation program that can be found in the My Settings section of Salesforce. This allows you to keep your contacts, events, tasks, and other data in Salesforce in sync.
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Start trainingNo one wants the hassle of entering information in two programs. This is a waste of time! After downloading the program, you can choose what syncs with which accounts. You can also create or sync using drop-down options or a sidebar list. If you wish to sync email, it will show you any related accounts or contacts. The best part? It eliminates the need to log in to Salesforce.

2. Modify Your Tabs
You can limit the tabs that you see.
Sometimes Salesforce administrators may have the best intentions, but not know what you actually use every day. Do yourself a favor by looking at the little plus symbol to the right of your top Navigation Bar. The complete list of tabs available will be displayed. The orange Customize My Tabs button is located on the right-hand side. Click it to open a new world.
The tabs not displayed on your Navigation Bar are listed in the left box, while the tabs currently visible in the right selection tabs are. You can pick and choose the tabs that are most important to you so that you only see the tabs you need the next time you log into.

3. View a List
Salesforce is a great tool for creating and accessing more information. However, it’s important to have a faster way to see what is important.
Are you able to see a pattern? List Views are a way to make what you see more valuable. We have narrowed down which tabs we see. Once you have entered one of those tabs, a List view allows you to see the records that are most important to you. Let’s say we click the Opportunity tab. We don’t always want to see all the opportunities.
You can create a List View to see your opportunities, your accounts’ opportunities, and any other filtering options.

4. Similar List Links to a Record
These links will allow you to jump straight to the important stuff.
We are back, trying to make Salesforce navigation easier and faster! Just put us on repeat. You might realize that there is so much information on the screen, even after you have found the records you are looking for. You could scroll for days trying to find the section you are looking for. We’re not being dramatic here, but if we take a moment and look at the top of the record, there will be a few hyperlinks. Or a lot. Clicking one of these hyperlinks will take you to the relevant section of the page and save you time.

Salesforce is only as overwhelming for you as it is for them! These tips and tricks will help to get started and make it easier for you to navigate the system. You’ll soon be a Salesforce expert helping others.

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4 Places where T-SQL Makes Sense

Transact-SQL, the Microsoft and Sybase implementations of the Structured Query Language that is used by all databases, is well-known. What might not be apparent at first glance is how T-SQL adds a new set of capabilities to the database server. T-SQL is a fully procedural programming environment, which passes the Turing-completeness exam.
In this sense, T-SQL can be considered more than just a syntax for query execution. It combines data processing functionality with DML statements to modify, store, retrieve, or retrieve information within the database. In an earlier post, you can find more information about DML and DDL functions. Although this extra functionality may seem redundant at first, there are many situations where T-SQL’s advanced procedural capabilities can be useful.

The Strength of In-Database Process Processing
Built-in functions and local variables allow computation within the database without the need for a return to the calling programme and all associated network traffic. For example, a while loop extracts data from the source program. This would be extremely inefficient if it was done using multiple calls to a database.
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DECLARE @LocalVariable int;DECLARE @Rate decimal(4,2);SET @LocalVariable = @todays_first_order;WHILE (@LocalVariable < @todays_last_order)BEGINSELECT @Rate = tax_rate FROM tax.zip_codes WHERE zip = @CustomerZipCode;EXEC sp_compute_sales_tax(@order_number, @Rate);SET @LocalVariable = @LocalVariable + 1;END;GO The above example executes the stored procedure to calculate sales tax. Stored procedures and user defined functions allow repetitive tasks to been compiled and optimized once and then stored in the DB server to be called whenever needed. This can increase the efficiency of common transactions. A sales tax procedure or function may be called multiple times per second on large e-commerce sites. It is possible to reduce server load by having the code always available and compiled. Your software's modularity is also improved by stored procedures and user-defined function. Even if extensive changes to the tax computing methodology are required in the future, only the 'sp_compute_sales_tax' procedure needs to be updated. This can be a great advantage, especially if a tax is calculated in multiple places on the site. Security T-SQL offers significant benefits in security. Clients and server applications no longer require database access rights. Procedures can now be executed by users with elevated permissions, eliminating the need to allow the source program (and its developers) access to the database. Example: CREATE PROCEDURE sp_compute_sales_tax WITH EXECUTE AS OWNER ... This approach also has the advantage of reducing the risk of data snooping between clients and servers by keeping sensitive data processing inside the DB server. Administrators of banking software, for example, will appreciate the ways T-SQL reduces their vulnerability to attack. Triggers There are many situations in which an action must be taken when a particular event occurs within the database. Triggers allow users to set a number of parameters that, when met, will trigger a procedure. Garth covers MCSA 70-733. This functionality can be used to send customers tracking emails when an order ships. CREATE A TRIGGER SendTrackingEmail AFTER UPDATE AS Bank systems also use triggers to rebalance accounts following a transaction. They can be used to monitor user log-ins by sending an alert to certain users when they log in to the database.


4 New AWS Storage Services Every Cloud Pro Must Know

AWS Re:Invent constantly challenges the status quo when it comes to cloud storage innovation and design. With the announcement of four new cloud storage options in 2021, it was no different. Each service is designed to give users more control over their data and reduce storage costs. We will be discussing each AWS service in detail, with real-world examples.
Amazon Glacier Storage–Instant Retrieveal
An acorn that is stuck in a glacier will stay there for thousands of year. You could even say that it is in long-term storage. This is exactly what Amazon S3 Glacier does. Amazon S3 Glacier-Instant Retrieval offers lightning-quick retrieval and storage of archived data at the most affordable price.
You might be curious about how S3 Glacier Storage -IR differs from other Glacier services AWS offers. AWS clients can choose to use either S3 Glacier, or S3 Standard-Infrequent Access. S3 Glacier is used for data that is rarely accessed and retrieval times of a few minutes to several days. S3 Standard-Infrequent Access is data that is only accessed once a month but still requires fast retrieval. It will be safe for a long period of time, just like the acorn that is stuck in the glacier. It will cost you to drill it out.
These solutions are great but not for everyone. Some customers require Glacier storage at a low price and instant access to S3 Standard – IA. S3 Glacier Storage -IA is the solution. Let’s take an overview of some uses.
S3 Glacier Storage–IA Use Case
Lawyers are often required to keep records of transactions in the event of litigation. Although important financial documents and contracts are kept for a decade, they may be required at any moment. It could be the difference between a conviction and exoneration.
For records that are only needed to be accessed a few times per year, S3 Glacier Storage -IR is the best choice. Customers can save up to 70% by moving from S3 Standard-IA into S3 Glacier.
If this hypothetical scenario is not enough, let’s take a look at how the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, Inc uses S3 Glacier Storage – IR. Chris Wolford, Senior Director of Media & Event Technology, is quoted as saying:
“The NASCAR Library now has low storage costs thanks to the Amazon S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval storage. This allows our content creators to interact in near real time with data of any age. We have one of the most extensive racing media archives in the globe. He continued, “Our customers range from the NASCAR Cup Series teams to producers, editors and engineers. They generate video, audio and images that are stored in perpetuity. We will be able to reduce our storage costs and improve our restore performance with the new storage class. We can now benefit from lower storage costs, with the resilience of multi-AZ storage and immediate retrievals for all media assets!
Glacier is great for archive, but there are also new innovations on the file server-side. Let’s see how Amazon is leading the charge in on-premise-to cloud migration strategies.
Amazon FSx for OpenZFS
It is a fact that sensitive data is much more secure in the cloud than it is on-premise. It’s the difference between storing your precious metal in Fort Knox and storing it in a woodshed. It’s why it’s so exciting that Amazon released FSx to OpenZFS.
FSx for OpenZFS allows customers to move their data on-premises into the cloud without having to change the code or manage it. Let’s discuss how this new service combines the usability and agility of OpenZFS with AWS’ security, agility, cost, and cost benefits.
What is OpenZFS?
Oracle’s OpenZFS file system and volume manager is OpenZFS. OpenZFS manages both physical drives and logical volumes. It is an


There are 4 Things to Remember When Using Palo Alto Virtual Firewalls

The VM-Series virtual firewalls by Palo Alto Networks can be used in both public and private cloud environments. They use the same version PAN-OS as physical firewall devices and offer the same basic functionality.
Depending on the hosting environment, certain functionalities may not be possible or implemented in a different way. For example, most public cloud providers only support Layer 3 interfaces to connect to their virtual networks. Another example is the varying levels of HA support available in public cloud deployments.
Some support-natives offer HA connections using two VM-Series firewalls, while others allow scaling of parallel VM-Series firewall implementations without requiring HA settings. This post will cover 4 important considerations when deploying Palo Alto virtual firewalls in a cloud environment. These are covered in Section1.2 of the PCNSE Blueprint.
Palo Alto Virtual Firewalls
The Palo Alto Networks Next-Generation Firewall VM-Series virtualized version of next-generation firewall can be used in both public cloud architectures and private cloud environments. The same PAN-OS software works on VM-Series firewalls just as it does on appliances. It has the same capabilities and features. Depending on the cloud technology used each environment offers the full functionality of PANOS software with slight modifications.
VM-50 (Lite), VM-50 and VM-100 are the versions that can be deployed within cloud environments.
These virtualization environments can be supported by Palo Alto VM-Series firewalls
Amazon Web Services
Cisco ACI
Citrix NetScaler SDX
Google CloudPlatform
Microsoft Azure
Microsoft Hyper-V
OpenStack, and
VMware products include VMware ESXi and VMware NSX.

These cloud-native infrastructures can also be supported by the VM-Series firewalls
Alibaba Cloud
Amazon Web Services
Docker EE
Google CloudPlatform
IBM Cloud
Microsoft Azure
Red Hat OpenShift,
VMware Tanzu

License requirements
All Palo Alto VM-Series firewalls need a capacity license to enable full firewall capability. Once you apply for the capacity licence, the model number and the related capacities are applied to the VM-Series firewall.
Capacity refers to the number of sessions, rules and security zones that the VM-Series firewall is able to manage.
The table below will show you how to determine the maximum capacity of each model and the differences between models. This will help you to choose the right model for your network needs.
How to Deploy Palo Alto Firewalls
Here are four things to keep in mind when installing a virtual firewall in Palo Alto
1. Private Cloud Deployment
The VM-Series virtual firewall is based on private clouds technology. A suitable virtual appliance or OVA can downloaded from Palo Alto Networks Support Portal and uploaded to the cloud. Once the cloud has been configured, it can then be deployed to meet the requirements for each private cloud architecture. These virtual firewalls cannot be licensed and require a capacity code.
2. Public Cloud Deployment
Public cloud markets offer virtual firewalls. The majority of public cloud markets offer three virtual firewall options, each with its unique set of licensing requirements.
Bring Your Own License: A Bring Your Own License version (BYOL), is an unlicensed VM-Series firewall. It requires the client to provide capacity code and feature licences that were obtained separately after provisioning.
Bundle 1 of VM-Series: This Bundle 1 includes pre-licensed VM-300s. Bundle 1 only includes Threat Prevention.
VM-Series Bundle 2, Threat Prevention, WildFire URL Filtering and G